Thus when the German Government announce that,
"As of 1 November 2007 the law requires that fingerprints of passport applicants be taken. If applicants are not willing to have their fingerprints taken, a passport cannot be issued to them".
They make it damn sure to explain that it is of course not their fault at all but because of the EU.
"the electronic passport is part of a security policy adopted by the European Union after the attacks of 11 September 2001"
Admittedly the need for identifiers on ID cards in Germany has a dodgy history.